I learnt from Toastmasters International that there are 8 leadership styles: Bureaucratic, authoritative, innovative, pacesetting, democratic, affliative, coaching, and altruistic. Bare in mind that, no style is better than one another. In order to choose a suitable leadership style, it will depend on 2 main factors:
- the skill level of your team
- the time available to achieve the goals.
From the graph above, we can learn that we need to utilise different leadership styles to achieve the goals effectively. Here are a few examples:
Leading a group of new recruits to complete a project within 1 weeks.
- The skill level of the team is low, time given is short.
- The best styles are authorirative and bureaucratic.
- The examples of action taken could be: enforce policy, provide specific instructions and demonstrate the proper way to do things.
Leading a group of experience team to achieve monthly sales target.
- The skill level of the team is high, time given is short.
- The best styles are pacesetting and innovative
- The examples of action taken could be: setting milestones to complete certain actions, open to unconventional idea to achieve target, and tackle a specific challenges.
Leading a group of experience members to run a long term activities and projects.
- Skills level of the team is considerably high, time available is longer.
- The best styles are democratic and affiliative.
- The examples of action taken could be: provide opportunity for every member to voice out their thoughts, take turn to lead a certain activities, and resolve conflict to maintain group harmony.
Leading someone to achieve long term development
- The skill level may be lesser, time available is longer
- The best styles are coaching and altruistic.
- The examples of action taken could be: goals setting, one-to-one meeting, enhance positive mindset and provide motivational feedback.
Frequent Asked Questions
I’m only good in these particular leadership styles such as authoritative and pacesetting. Does it mean that I cannot lead in the situation where democratic style is needed?
Yes. you can still lead in other situations. However, in order to lead effectively, you need to learn and adopt a certain set of actions.
Can a person possess all the 8 leadership styles mentioned above?
Yes. Even though every individual may have a dominant leadership style, one still can learn and practice other leadership skills to work better in a new situation. All the 8 leadership styles can be learned.
Every has the potential to be a great leader. Leadership most of the time is made through learning and practice.